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About Varanasi

Varanasi is more popular as Banaras or Banares and Kashi. Varanasi city is located on the west bank or the left side of the holy River Ganga (Ganges) in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Hindus, Jains and Budhists consider this beautiful city as holy place. This city is also considered as one of the oldest constantly populated cities in the world. Varanasi city is known by several names; but the recent and official name is also mentioned in the hindus holy tale Mahabharata and in the Jataka tales of Buddhism. This name is perhaps drawing from from the two rivers that edge the city, one is the Varana River, which is at the north, and another one is the Asi River at the south. Another assumption about the source of the name of the city is that the river Varuna itself was known as Varanasi in olden times.

Varanasiís relations with lord Shiva is from the start of time: myths narrate how, Shiva after his marriage to Parvati, left his Himalayan home and came to live in Kashi (Varanasi) in the presence of all the gods. Because he is temporarily banished in the rule of the great king Divodasa, Shiva send Brahma and Vishnu as his representative, but finally returned to his lawful home protected by his faithful followers Kalabhairav and Dandapani. Varanasi city is a glorious place of pilgrimage and an idealize hub of faith and devotion, has been also associated with Mecca and Jerusalem. If we believe on historians, the city was established some ten centuries earlier than the birth of Christ. Varanasi city is referred in divine Scriptures like 'Vamana Purana', Buddhist book of god and in the classic 'Mahabharata'.

Varanasi's importance in Hindu tradition is almost unmatched. For the religious Hindu this city has always a unique and special place, moreover being a pilgrimage centre, it is considered particularly auspicious and lucky to die here, guarantee a direct route to heaven. The holy and very old city Varanasi is the religious hub for the Hindus



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