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Agra is also referred in the ancient epic, the Mahabharata. Ptolemy was the first one to call Agra by its current name. Sikandar Lodhi of the Lodhi dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, founded modern Agra in the 16th century. Agra achieved its golden age when it becomes the capital of the Mughal leaders of India at the peak of their territory from 1526 to 1658. In that period Mugalís built several monumental buildings in the Mughal architectural technique (a typical combination of Indian and Islamic techniques). The emperors Akbar and Shah Jahan rebuilt the Agra Fort, which was originally built by Rajput rulers of Agra, and it is quite similar as a Red Fort in Delhi. The attractive crypt, Itmad-ud-Daulah (1628), build by empress Noor Jahan, is a superb combination of Persian and Indian architecture and decoration. Mughal architecture's ultimate achievement, the awesome Taj Mahal (1648) is the pride and joy of any visit not only to Agra but in India also.
Agra and Varanasi both are most visited tourist spots in India. Agra is famous because of Taj Mahal, which is one of the seven wonders of world and Varanasi is well-known because it is one of the oldest populated cities in world. Varanasi is also cultural and religious capital of India. Varanasi is situated at the bank of holy river Ganga and city is famous for temples, ghats, traditions, and silk work and also known as educational centre.
Travel Between Agra Varanasi is very convenient and easy. Airlines in India are the best and convenient form of transportation for tourists to travel from one place to another in less time. There are many airlines that offer daily flights from Agra to Varanasi, carrying business folks and tourists. Some important flights are Jet Lite, Jet Airways, Indian Airlines, Go Air, and Air India.
Agra Varanasi is overnight journey by trains. Best train available is 4854/4864 "Marudhar express" from agra fort station to varanasi junction daily. Agra and Varanasi are well-connected cities of Uttar Pradesh by State Road Transport Corporation. They ply many buses between these cities. Several privately run luxury buses are also available.